Ambient lighting is general lighting, and in most cases, it’s what we think of when we think of a light fixture. It provides an area with a comfortable amount of light to walk around freely and safely. In rooms like laundry rooms, garages, lights and sometimes bedrooms, ambient lighting is the sole source of lighting.
Ambient lighting can be accomplished in a variety of ways: ceiling or wall mounted fixtures, chandeliers, recessed or track lighting, or fixtures mounted on the outside of a home. Ambient lighting is the first necessary step to have a good lighting plan
Task lighting aids in performing specific tasks. It aids the user in day to day functions such as reading, preparing meals, writing, or putting on makeup. Task lighting can be seen in a variety of forms, but it’s most commonly provided by undercabinet lighting, floor and desk lamps, pendant lighting, and track lighting.
Task lighting should provide the user with a lighting experience that is free from shadows or glare, and that is bright enough that it prevents eye strain.
Accent lighting adds visual interest to a rooms interior design. It is used to draw attention to focal points within the room, whether it be a painting, portrait, or plant. It could also be used to highlight outdoor landscaping, or the exterior of a house. Accent lighting is provided by recessed and track lighting, or wall-mounted picture lights.
In order to be effective, accent lighting must provide at least three times as much light on the focal points as the general lighting surrounding it.